Prison Fire in Santiago de Chile

Country: Chile  •  Report published: April 17, 2015

Reporter

Dr. Patricio Cortés Picazo
Director EMS SAMU Metropolitano Santiago de Chile 2010-2013
Emergency Medical Services SAMU Metropolitano Santiago de Chile

Role in incident:
Chief Operations Network Emergency Medical Services And Hospital System

Co-authors:
Dr. Carlos Becerra, Dr. Luis Herrada, Mr. Roberto Araneda, Ms. Carolina Astorga

Summary: Prison Fire in Santiago de Chile

On December 8, 2010 (6:12AM), the SAMU Metropolitan Santiago de CHILE (EMS) was alerted of a fire in the Prison of San Miguel with 1,900 inmates and guards inside. Most of the victims died of inhalation of smoke or toxic gases and burns (81 deads).

In addition to ambulances in EMS of Santiago de Chile with advanced life support (ALS) and basic life support (BLS) hospitals with burn units, general public and private hospitals, other EMS [100 km +/-] as well as the “centralized beds unit” were activated.

The “Centralized Beds Unit” was a unit created 5-6 years ago to coordinate needs and costs due to ICU beds always being full. It is a unit managed by nurses and doctors that overviews availability of public and private Intensive Care Units beds in the city and some regions of the country. This unit is in constant communication with EMS communication centre, Emergency Rooms and ICUs. Both are in the city and located away from the incident. Other relevant organizations like Civilian Protection and Ministry of Health were alerted of this Mass Casualty Incident in progress from EMS coordinating centre (131).

On scene work consisted of: primarily triage of 466 patients who were burned (using START triage), of whom 81 were declared dead on-scene, 20 patients were evacuated to 9 different Emergency rooms. There were 7 ambulances with ALS competency and 13 ambulances with BLS competency on-scene. No patients were transported more than 17 km in the primary evacuation, none died after 24 hours. All patients were discharged from secondary health care facilities alive.

Print summary

 Download report    Incident location map    Comment


 

111
blank
Disclaimer

 

The editorial board of majorincidentreporting.net or any sponsors or endorsing societies for majorincidentreporting.net are not responsible for the content of the reports, the correctness or accuracy of the information contained by the report or the information causing breach of law, instructions, public or private regulations etc. being sensitive, confidential or under professional secrecy.
blank
The editorial board of majorincidentreporting.net, or any sponsors or endorsing societies for majorincidentreporting.net are not liable for any direct or indirect loss relating to the information provided or use of information, reports or other material from the majorincidentreporting.net platform.
blank
The authors of the reports submitted to majorincidentreporting.net are solely responsible for the content of the reports, that the reports comply with ethical and privacy legislation and for not submitting sensitive or confidential information or information under professional secrecy.